When one thinks of Gothic architecture, majority will think of Notre Dame as it is one the most significant French catholic cathedral that is distinctively…. Gothic Architecture in Medieval France As with most modernization, new concepts are often refined versions of previous techniques.
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Although structural design during the Middle Ages was already advancing at a large scale, distortions of the classical style were not too apparent until the Gothic era occurred. Taking place during a time of turmoil with the….
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The nave of Amines Cathedral The Amines cathedral is the tallest complete cathedral in France, its stone-vaulted nave reaching an internal height of Discuss where the style began and the various ways it developed across Europe. When analyzing the building style use the terminology associated with the style for the architectural and sculptural elements.
Use 3 examples in your answer…. IN the dictionary, cathedrals are defined as another name or place of worship for Christians, Catholics, and etc. The invention of the Christian church was one of the brilliant solutions in architectural history.
This was achieved by a process of assimilating and rejecting various precedents, such as the Greek temple, the Roman public building, the private Roman house, and the synagogue. The Early Christian period saw the growth of Christianity. It was established…. Classical and Gothic Architecture The cultures of the ancient Greeks and medieval Europeans were significantly influenced by religion. Greek Classicism brought about some of the most beautiful artwork and architecture that still exists today.
The style strives to exemplify a culture of harmony, order, reason, intellect, objectivity, and formal discipline Spore, I have put together a set of notes for my sister and would like to share it with ye too. I included a question from every exam paper for the last 10 years on each topic so ye can see how it comes up every year and how they phrase it differently Tips on writing essay answers lenght, sketches, layout sample answers I have more sample answers ill post them here later the ones i included are Bronze Age Essay Answer Iron Age Essay Answer Impressionism Essay Answer Gothic architecture Essay Answer Romanesque Essay Answer Words used in exam question words and meanings that you must be aware What is Gothic Architecture?
A little something to help you recognize and understand gothic architecture.
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Easy Architecture is a continuing web series that explains architecture to people of all ages so they might better understand their built environment. Great notes for art history. The tallest nave is at Beauvais Cathedral which is Westminster Abbey is feet high. On the outside most Gothic churches, both big and small, have at least one tower.
In Italy there are domes on the churches, and the tower stands to one side. But in most other countries, cathedrals generally have two towers and quite often have three. Some have even more. Laon Cathedral was planned to have seven, but they were not all built. Sometimes there is just one tower with a huge spire as at Salisbury.
Lincoln Cathedral had the tallest spire of the Middle Ages at feet metres. Because a pointed arch points upwards, it makes people look upwards. In Gothic architecture, the whole building is designed to make people look up. On the inside the arches of the roof rise up like branches. On the outside, there are often lots of fancy bits along the edge of the roof and on the tops of buttresses and above the windows. These are called pinnacles. Milan Cathedral has hundreds of them.
Salisbury Cathedral , England, has the tallest spire of the s. Uppsala Cathedral , Sweden. Only few churches still have three spires like this. Gothic architecture usually has a lot of windows. Sainte Chapelle is a famous example. At Gloucester Cathedral in England, the East window is as big as a tennis court. Milan Cathedral also has windows of about the same size. The flying buttresses which arch across the roof of the aisle were used to support the roof above the windows, so the walls did not have to be so thick.
The columns of the inside, the ribs of the vault or roof and the flying buttresses, made a strong stone skeleton. Between the narrow buttresses, the walls could be opened up into large windows. Through the Gothic period, because of the pointed arch, Gothic windows were able to change from simple openings to very rich designs.
The windows were very often filled with stained glass which made coloured light in the building, and was used for story-telling pictures. The clerestorey windows and buttresses at Saint-Omer Cathedral from the outside.
The clerestory windows at Reims from the inside. The flying buttresses mean there is no need for thick walls to hold the vault up. The windows at Chartres Cathedral are famous for their ancient stained glass. Sainte Chapelle is a Chapel built for a French King. Pointed arches were used in Persian architecture, and from AD onwards, they were a feature of Islamic architecture.
Also, Islamic forces had taken over parts of Spain, where they built cities and Mosques with pointed arches. Architectural historians think that the pointed arch was also used by some European architects because it was a very strong way of making an arch. In Gothic Architecture, the pointed arch is used in every place where an arch is needed, both for strength and for decoration. Gothic openings such as doorways, windows, arcades and galleries have pointed arches.
A row of arches is called an arcade.
Gothic Cathedrals and Light From the End Essay
A row of arches that is up high on a building is a gallery. Rows of pointed arches were used to decorate walls. This is known as blind arcading. Often walls were made with tall narrow arched openings in them that could be used to stand statues in. An opening like this is called a niche which is pronounced "neesh". An arched roof built of bricks or stone is called a vault.
In the Romanesque period before the Gothic, some churches had vaulted roofs. They were always based on perfectly semi-circular shapes. There were two main ways to make a nave vault in the Romanesque period. A vault could be long like a tunnel.
Churches with this type of vault were always rather dark. Or it could be square, like two tunnels crossing each other. This meant that the columns that carried the vault always had to be placed on a perfectly square ground plan, which was not always possible.
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One of the good things about pointed arches was that they could be narrow and tall, or flattened and wide. Using pointed arches, architects could make vaults of very different shapes. They did not even have to be rectangular. A Gothic architect could make a vault with one side narrow, two sides wide and the last side even wider. They could make a vault with three sides or five sides quite easily, by using pointed arches. The vaults were made of ribs which met each other at the highest part of the vault. In between the ribs were sloping surfaces of stone or brick that could be much thinner and lighter than the ribs.
At first the pattern made by the ribs was quite plain, like Romanesque vaults, but architects, particularly in England, soon started adding small ribs in between the main ones and making different patterns. Some vaults like this can also be seen in Spain and Germany, but not usually in France or Italy. This vault in Spain has many small curved ribs in between the supporting ones, to make a rich pattern.
In the Gothic period the shape and style of pointed arches changed. But the changes were not the same in every country. With pointed arches, windows could be made very large.
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Architects made many designs of pointed arches crossing each other in different ways. These designs were often used in windows, which look as if they are filled with beautiful stone lace. This is called "tracery". The stone tracery was used to hold the glass in place. An Architectural Historian can often tell just how old a part of a building is by looking at the window tracery design.
The simplest Gothic arch is a long opening with a pointed arch known in England as the lancet. A "lancet" is a sharp knife, so these windows are knife-shaped. Very often lancet windows are put together in a group of three or five. Salisbury Cathedral is famous for the beauty of its Lancet Gothic Architecture. In England the style is called "Early English Gothic".