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America was able to witness much of this footage on the news. The outcome was a major military victory for South Vietnam, but it was a great political victory for North Vietnam. It proved that the war was nowhere close to being over, and proved how determined the Vietcong was. It also demonstrated how costly the war would be. When the Pentagon announced the number of U. President Johnson knew his popularity was lost and decided not to run for reelection.
The Vietnam War
On January 20, Richard Nixon was inaugurated. A few months later he announced the removal of 25, United States troops by August of and another 65, to be sent home by the end of the year. This would allow American troops to gradually come home. Vietnamization would also set up a self sufficient South Vietnam government.
The Communist soon agreed on a peace plan, but it fell through when they claimed the U. The same year Nixon ordered secret bombing of Cambodia to try and wipe out the Vietcong and North Vietnam base camps. On April 30, , President Nixon informed the American people that troops would be sent to Cambodia. This outraged people even more.
Nixon had promised peace, but was now bringing on more war. Many more young students became worried that they would be drafted. On May 1, Kent State University became grounds for anti-war rallies. About fifteen thousand dollars worth of damage was inflicted on downtown Kent.
The Governor decided to call in the National Guard. On May 4 rallies started again on campus, and the National Guard used tear gas as a means to try and disperse the crowd. The crowd had become very rowdy and all of a sudden shots were fired. No one is certain as to why the shooting started, but 4 people were shot dead, and 9 were wounded. Two of those that died were innocent students switching classes. This tragic news caused much uproar across the nation. A great deal of respect for authority was lost by many citizens. The tragedy made many people realize that protest can go too far, and law enforcement can also go too far in trying to maintain the law.
In , Congress repealed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution as to limit the power of the president with the war. In January , a cease-fire was negotiated. May of , two years after Nixon pulled out of the war, South Vietnam surrendered. Vietnam was reunified under a communist Vietnam regime. By the end of the war the United States suffered 57, casualties and , soldiers were wounded. For one thing the North Vietnam and Vietcong armies were much stronger than anyone anticipated.
Their guerilla warfare tactics was something the U. The fact that there were no clear combat zones also made fighting confusing. The Vietcong also would dress as peasants to trick the soldiers before they would attack. This made it hard for soldiers to distinguish between the enemy and friendly civilians. The Vietcong was also fighting for a cause they were willing to fight to the death for.
They had heroic determination and fighting spirit. There was no direct threat to their own country and there was no support from the general population. The soldiers were also angered by the government lies they had to witness. Those who returned from war joined the forefront of the antiwar movements. They began wearing peace symbols and other signs of their digression.
Fragging was when soldiers would attack their officers, usually by tossing fragments of grenades into the officers sleeping quarters. Some soldiers also openly refused their orders. The military also experienced financial corruption, theft, murder, and suicide. All these factors seriously hurt the U.
At first many people volunteered to fight.
Vietnam War Essay | ecreapnaren.tk
When the draft came into affect many questioned its fairness. Until local boards had selected those for the draft, and most of those selected were usually minorities and poor working class youths. In , 20, men per month were drafted, by , 40, were drafted per month, and served months. Some people tried to avoid the draft. People moved to Canada, burned draft cards, and went to college.
Others served prison sentences, like Muhammad Ali, or avoided the war on moral grounds and instead served a set term of community service. The working-class communities were also another area where resistance was strong because these were the people usually drafted. People began to see the body bags return home and video clippings from the fighting. These factors greatly worried the American people. The anti-war movement is also blamed as to why the Untied States lost the war.
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The war was popular in the beginning, and most of the American public supported the war. Americans wanted to preserve their way of life and stop the threat of Communism. When involvement of the U. When this escalation failed to produce the results that were expected, people started to become doubtful.
America had been told that they were winning the war, but as the number of deaths and injuries increased the people realized that this war did have its costs. The Media caused major changes in America. The media brought all the horrors of the war to life. In my view, it was partly because political and diplomatic circles in Washington were disproportionately concerned with the possibility of Chinese and Soviet intervention. The late Col. Harry Summers Jr.
Undermining this critique is the fact that China and the Soviet Union played a much greater role in the Vietnam War than Americans realized at the time. Fifty percent of all Soviet foreign aid went to North Vietnam between and Soviet anti-aircraft teams in North Vietnam brought down dozens of U. It is now known that in a secret meeting between Ho Chi Minh and Mao in the summer of , China agreed to enter the war directly if the United States invaded North Vietnam. According to Beijing, between and , there were , Chinese troops assigned to North Vietnam, with a maximum of , — roughly a third of the maximum number of U.
On Sept. Harry Summers had been taken by Washington in Vietnam, there would have been a real danger of a Sino-American war with dire consequences for the world. In retrospect, it appears that Johnson had drawn the correct lesson from the Korean War and had been prudent in his approach to the Vietnam conflict. Elsewhere in Asia, including the Philippines, Malaya and Indonesia, communist insurgencies were defeated by local governments, sometimes with the help of British or French advisers and combat troops.
America and Vietnam: The Unending War
It may be that those insurgencies failed, while communist regimes survived in part of Korea and unified Vietnam, because of one factor: the absence of a land border with post communist China, which provided material support, manpower and deterrence of a U.
Ever since the fall of Saigon, Americans have sought to draw lessons from Vietnam, but some have been short-lived. In the late 20th century, U.
In the aftermath of Vietnam, the United States sought to put Asian conflicts behind it. In a Sino-American conflict in the 21st century, Vietnam might even be an American ally. As a historical event, the Vietnam War is an unchanging part of the past. As a symbol, it will continue to evolve, reflecting the values and priorities of later generations.
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