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Schools, Societies, and Multicultural Education. Continue reading this essay Continue reading Page 1 of 3. Bsically the rationale for multicultural education is that it aims at developing positive attitudes towards other cultural groups in primary schools in Zimbabwe this include kalanga, shona, Ndebele in various schools.
It also aids the developing of cross cultural communication skills and recognising and accepting the rightful existence of different cultural groups as well as acknowledging the equal rights of all cultural groups in a society and advocating equal educational opportunities and promoting education for all rather inclusive education. To put in conclusion, this essay sought to justify the rationale of multicultural education in the Zimbabwean primary school. The key terms multicultural education and primary school were scholarly defined.
Extract of sample "Cultural diversity, multiculturalism and inclusion"
The sociological theory that guided this essay was post modernism. Ibadan: Stirling Horden Publishers Nig. Appignanesi, R. New York: Totem Books. Awotua-Efebo, E. Effective Teaching Principles and Practice. Port Harcourt: Paragraphic. Banks, C. M Communities, families and educators working together.
In Banks, J.
Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives pp. Banks, J. Integrating the curriculum with ethnic content: Approaches and guidelines. Banks Eds.
The need to move beyond a multicultural perspective on campuses (essay)
McGee, C. In: F. Coulmas Ed. The Handbook of Sociolinguistics. UK: Blackwell Publishing. Gorski, P. The challenge of defining Multicultural Education. Retrieved Theories of Culture in Postmodern Times. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira. Maduewesi, E. General Methodology for Primary Schools.
Nsukka: University of Nigeria, Institute of Education. Muchenje, F. Practicing educators can use the dimensions as a way to incorporate culture in their classrooms. The five dimensions listed below are: . Multicultural education can be implemented on the macro-level with the implementation of programs and culture at the school-wide or district-wide level and also at the mico-level by specific teachers within their individual classrooms.
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While individual teachers may work to teach in ways that support multicultural ideas, in order to truly experience a multicultural education, there must be a commitment at the school or district level. In developing a school or district wide plan for multicultural education, Dr. Steven L. Paine, West Virginia State Superintendent of schools gives these suggestions:. Robert K. Fullinwider describes one rather controversial method for multicultural teaching: teaching to "culturally distinct" learning styles.
While studies have shown that "the longer these students of color remain in school, the more their achievement lags behind that of White mainstream students",  it is still highly debated whether or not learning styles, are indeed culturally distinctive, and furthermore, whether implementing different teaching strategies with different racial or ethnic groups would help or further alienate minority groups. All students have different learning styles so incorporating multicultural education techniques into the classroom, may allow all students to be more successful.
Every child can learn so it is the teacher's responsibility to not "track" them, but rather to personalize the curriculum to reach every student.
Each student has a personal, unique learning style that teachers discover and build on when teaching". Another important consideration in implementing multicultural education into the classroom is how deep to infuse multicultural ideas and perspectives into the curriculum. There are four different approaches or levels to curricular infusion. They are:. In looking into practical strategies for implementing multicultural education into the classroom, Andrew Miller offers several suggestions that might provide helpful:.
Another essential part of multicultural teaching is examining your current lesson materials for bias that might alienate the students you are trying to teach. The Safe School Coalition warns against using a curricular material "if it omits the history, contributions and lives of a group, if ti demeans a group by using patronizing or clinically distancing language, or if it portrays a group in stereotyped roles with less than a full range of interests, traits and capabilities.
The development of multicultural education is introduced at a young age in order to allow children to build a global perspective.
Is Multicultural Education So Important? Essay
Critical literacy can be useful by enabling teachers to move beyond mere awareness of, and respect for, and general recognition of the fact that different groups have different values or express similar values in different ways. There are three different approaches to critical literacy:.
The choice of literature is important. The books must be chosen with careful consideration over how they represent the culture it is displaying, making sure that it is void of any racial or cultural stereotypes and discrimination. Criteria includes books that:. It is in this discussion that universal threads of similarities and the appreciation of differences may be explored in a way that will enable the students to make connections that span different cultures and continents. However rudimentary these connections may be, they serve as a starting point for a new way of thinking. Focusing on minority groups can affect their future education.
Students felt they went from not caring about school at all to having a sense of empowerment from the program, which led to motivation to get better grades, finish school and have more confidence in themselves as who they are. Team Program for other minorities in more schools can influence more student outlooks on their education and can assist them in completing necessary credits for high school graduation.
When schools are able to focus on inequity of minority students, school can become the foundation to the students' futures and create a positive, safe experience for them, where they will feel empowered to carry out in their future education and verify their importance within themselves. Multicultural education can ultimately affect the way students perceive themselves. Six students felt their multicultural self-awareness grew and felt supported in their growth after taking a multicultural education course aimed to see if their self-awareness altered Lobb, Multicultural education is beneficial in academic, emotional and personal ways in which they learn about others and even themselves.
As student perspectives of multicultural education remain positive, allowing other students to become exposed to this subject may encourage and conclude in consistent, positive attitudes towards other cultures. Multicultural education plays a huge role in the way students perceive themselves and others, but there is still more work to be done. In some college syllabi, there is cultural sensitivity and multicultural competence.
However, a lot of them lack the design to prepare teachers with consistent ways of the defining principles of multicultural education and preparation of teaching multicultural education authentically Gorski, It is important for teachers to be fully knowledgeable of its depth and open to learn more about it as time goes on so they can create a safe space for their students. It is also important to see that although multicultural education is becoming more known and taught, there is still so much to learn and discover within this topic, and there always will be more to learn as we evolve.
Even teachers need to be taught and become exposed to different dimensions of multicultural education in order to teach and revolutionize student attitudes about this topic. New teachers can be blind to the diversity of their students, which can lead to generalizations and stereotypes about different cultures. New teachers being able to take a multicultural education class leads to increased knowledge of diversity, altering of attitudes towards multiculturalism, and preparedness of them teaching multicultural education to students of a variety of backgrounds Wasonga, Multicultural education courses conclude eye-opening measures for the teachers, including becoming more open to such issues and positively affected preparedness to teach about multicultural education to their students.
A similar result happened in another study, in which the multicultural education course led to "increased awareness, understanding, and appreciation of other cultures.