Furthermore, it can also be interpreted that authors like C.
Essay on The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis
This is because children, who are a passive audience, merely observe a text rather than actively respond to it. As stated before in respect to the vertical axis, this has created a semiotic theme that can be taught and interpreted in various manners. By shaping culture today, it is a unique and original story that was populated by many. This can suggest that looking back upon the past, will help with the present learning and teaching of the religious and ethnic background, relating semiotic and cultural themes like Christ, Greek Mythology and the War to do so.
This is because C. This suggests that the authors do it for the own advantage, and that these relationships do not take the form of specific allusions from one text to another. This means it is possible to find this cultural theme, but the reading of the hypo text is not necessary to the understanding of the hypertext. The audience will still understand the text if they do not notice the War intertextual link, as it is related more to a Christian genre. In conclusion, it can be said that Barthes argument of the writing and the creator being unrelated is very extreme, resulting in thousands of sources of culture cannot be objectively confirmed nor denied.
Even though authors like C.
The Lion, The Witch, And The Wardrobe
S Lewis may use and interpret different especially historical and cultural texts and use it within their work, they still interpret it themselves to create their own meaning and a story behind it for their specific audiences. This is for them to enjoy, cause an emotion and teachings around it.
With Narnia, it constitutes from an old source, which has more value in its desire to be more precise and to be able to construct a nest of related meanings around the intertextuality of the text. This is what is so powerful and admirable about intertextuality, there are so many things that can be altered to create the story as you wish. This is because intertextuality is not a time bound feature, and will always be used in ours and future generations, enhancing culture with more topics and historical events to occur, resulting in more literature to be written.
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The Lion, The Witch And The Wardrobe
The Mythological Creatures of Narnia. Brennan, M. S Lewis Site.
Education State University. Literacy — Intertextuality. While we were good around other people, at home, my brothers and I were not pleasant to deal with. At the time, it was impossible for me to foretell the ramifications of my mother. It was not until much later before I realized the gift that my mom had managed to give my brothers and me in her remarkable grace under the pressures Free Essays words 4.
The earliest children's books were little more than religious devotionals or bible stories rewritten with the express enjoyment of children in mind. As children's literature progressed, however, it began to move away from religious instruction and into works that focused more on story. This doesn't mean that the two became mutually exclusive as to this day many works that are still enormously popular with children are rife with religious allegory without sacrificing story Good Essays words 2.
As Kathryn Lindskoog states, "CS Lewis is known for opposing the spirit of modern thought with the unpopular Christian doctrines of sin and evil" Lewis himself has said, "You never know how much you really believe anything until its truth or falsehood becomes a matter of life or death to you" Freaks Good Essays words 5. While exploring the house the youngest child Lucy finds a giant wardrobe. When she steps inside she finds that she is in a different world completely. She meets a faun named Tumnus who invites her for tea and tells her about the white witch. She finds out that the white witch has enchanted Narnia so that it is always winter.
When Lucy returns she tells her siblings who are reluctant to believe her and think that she is just messing around Gazora 9. Throughout Clive Lewis life, he changed his religion so many times from not believing in God to believing again. Lewis's early life has parallels with The Chronicles of Narnia. At the age of seven, he moved with his family to a large house on the edge of Belfast. Its long hallways and empty rooms inspired Lewis and his brother to invent make-believe worlds whilst exploring their home, an activity reflected in Lucy's discovery of Narnia in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.
Lewis was widely read in medieval Celtic literature , an influence reflected throughout the books, and most strongly in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. The entire book imitates one of the immrama , a type of traditional Old Irish tale that combines elements of Christianity and Irish mythology to tell the story of a hero's sea journey to the Otherworld. Michael Ward 's book Planet Narnia  proposes that each of the seven books related to one of the seven moving heavenly bodies or "planets" known in the Middle Ages according to the Ptolemaic geocentric model of cosmology a theme to which Lewis returned habitually throughout his work.
At that time, each of these heavenly bodies was believed to have certain attributes, and Ward contends that these attributes were deliberately but subtly used by Lewis to furnish elements of the stories of each book:. Lewis's interest in the literary symbolism of medieval and Renaissance astrology is more overtly referenced in other works such as his study of medieval cosmology The Discarded Image , and in his early poetry as well as in Space Trilogy.
Narnia scholar Paul F. Ford finds Ward's assertion that Lewis intended The Chronicles to be an embodiment of medieval astrology implausible,  : 16 though Ford addresses an earlier version of Ward's thesis also called Planet Narnia , published in the Times Literary Supplement. Ford argues that Lewis did not start with a coherent plan for the books, but Ward's book answers this by arguing that the astrological associations grew in the writing:. Most clearly, Digory explicitly invokes Plato's name at the end of The Last Battle , to explain how the old version of Narnia is but a shadow of the newly revealed "true" Narnia.
Like Duessa, she falsely styles herself Queen; she leads astray the erring Edmund with false temptations; she turns people into stone as Duessa turns them into trees.
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Both villains wear opulent robes and deck their conveyances out with bells. Lewis read Edith Nesbit 's children's books as a child and was greatly fond of them. This novel focuses on four children living in London who discover a magic amulet. Their father is away and their mother is ill, as is the case with Digory.
They manage to transport the queen of ancient Babylon to London and she is the cause of a riot; likewise, Polly and Digory transport Queen Jadis to London, sparking a very similar incident. The Chronicles of Narnia is considered a classic of children's literature. The Chronicles of Narnia has been a significant influence on both adult and children's fantasy literature in the post-World War II era. In , the scholar Susan Cornell Poskanzer praised Lewis for his "strangely powerful fantasies". Pullman is a self-described atheist who wholly rejects the spiritual themes that permeate The Chronicles , yet his series nonetheless addresses many of the same issues and introduces some similar character types, including talking animals.
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In another parallel, the first books in each series — Pullman's Northern Lights and The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe — both open with a young girl hiding in a wardrobe. Bill Willingham 's comic book series Fables makes reference at least twice to a king called "The Great Lion", a thinly veiled reference to Aslan. The series avoids explicitly referring to any characters or works that are not in the public domain.
The novel Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson has Leslie, one of the main characters, reveal to Jesse her love of Lewis's books, subsequently lending him The Chronicles of Narnia so that he can learn how to behave like a king. Her book also features the island name "Terabithia", which sounds similar to Terebinthia , a Narnian island that appears in Prince Caspian and The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. Katherine Paterson herself acknowledges that Terabithia is likely to be derived from Terebinthia:.
I thought I had made it up. Lewis, I realized that I had probably gotten it from the island of Terebinthia in that book. However, Lewis probably got that name from the Terebinth tree in the Bible, so both of us pinched from somewhere else, probably unconsciously. Science-fiction author Greg Egan 's short story "Oracle" depicts a parallel universe in which an author nicknamed Jack Lewis's nickname has written novels about the fictional "Kingdom of Nesica", and whose wife is dying of cancer, paralleling the death of Lewis's wife Joy Davidman.
Several Narnian allegories are also used to explore issues of religion and faith versus science and knowledge. Lev Grossman 's New York Times best-seller The Magicians is a contemporary dark fantasy about an unusually gifted young man obsessed with Fillory, the magical land of his favourite childhood books.
Fillory is a thinly veiled substitute for Narnia, and clearly the author expects it to be experienced as such. Not only is the land home to many similar talking animals and mythical creatures, it is also accessed through a grandfather clock in the home of an uncle to whom five English children are sent during World War II. Moreover, the land is ruled by two Aslan-like rams named Ember and Umber, and terrorised by The Watcherwoman. She, like the White Witch, freezes the land in time. The book's plot revolves heavily around a place very like the "wood between the worlds" from The Magician's Nephew , an interworld waystation in which pools of water lead to other lands.
This reference to The Magician's Nephew is echoed in the title of the book.