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The Web of Science shows that papers authored by scientists in China, India and Russia are more likely to be ignored than are those written in the United States and Europe. The Internet has made it so much easier to find and cite relevant papers, he says. He and others found in a study 7 that rates of uncitedness are falling because scientists publish a larger volume of papers and stuff more references into their articles. Some researchers might still be tempted to dismiss uncited papers as irrelevant. Probably, but not always. Academics are influenced by many more papers than they actually cite, says Michael MacRoberts, a botanist at Louisiana State University in Shreveport.
In a article 8 on the shortcomings of citation analysis, MacRoberts referenced his own paper 9 about the discovery of nodding club-moss Palhinhaea cernua in Texas. It was the first and only time the paper had been cited, but the information in it has been recorded in plant atlases and large online databases; those who use these databases are relying on this paper and thousands of botanical reports like it.
And uncited articles are still being read. A few years earlier, use of the kit had been suspended in clinics, although it was later reinstated. But it has been viewed more than 1, times and downloaded almost times, notes Joe Egger, a co-author of the paper who is now at the Duke Global Health Institute in Durham, North Carolina.
Still other articles might remain uncited because they close off unproductive avenues of research, says Niklaas Buurma, a chemist at Cardiff University, UK.
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In theory, this technically challenging experiment might offer insight into how solvents influence chemical reaction rates. The work behind it, he told his audience, helped him to earn his PhD and become a fully fledged scientist.
But even that was important for other reasons, says geneticist Raju Kucherlapati, at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, who co-authored the paper. Smithies, O. Hamilton, D.
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Science , — Pendlebury, D. Science ,— Heneberg, P. Egghe, L. Wallace, M. Informetrics 3, — MacRoberts, M. MacRoberts, B. Phytologia 78 , — Egger, J. Blandamer, M. Kucherlapati, R. Cell Genet. Peck, A.
Pina-Martins, F. BMC Bioinformatics 17 , 41 Conte, D. Download references. Reprints and Permissions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Learned Publishing By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.
Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Authorship Databases Publishing. Nature investigates how many papers really end up without a single citation.source site
Citation Guide: Research Paper Help
References 1. PubMed Article Google Scholar 5. Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more! It should be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author. If you have more than one entry by the same author, they should be further ordered by increasing publication date more recent papers last.
MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources // Purdue Writing Lab
If you have multiple sources from a single author published in the same year, distinguish them both in the in-text citation and in the reference list, by appending the letters a, b, c You should include enough information that your readers will be able to find these sources on their own.
The exact format is not critical, but consistency and completeness is. Reference lists are generally reverse-indented--this just helps the reader to find references to specific authors that much faster. Follow the examples given below and you will be all set. One author: Gould, S. Norton, New York City, p. Two or more authors: Ingmanson, D. For Articles or Chapters with separate authors from a Book or Compilation List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlines , then the name s of the editor s of the book or compilation, followed by "ed.
Then put the title of the book in italics if possible , the publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: Rodgers, J. For an Article from a Journal or Magazine List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlines , then the title of the journal or magazine in italics if possible , the volume number of the journal do not use the publication date , and page numbers where the article can be found: One author: Maddox, J.
Two or more authors: Vink, G.
For Internet sources Give the author's last name and initials if known and the date of publication or last modification. Next, list the full title of the work e. Include any version or file numbers, enclosed in parentheses. Most important, provide the full URL to the resource, including the protocol, host address, and the complete path or directories necessary to access the document.
Be sure to spell this out exactly! Finally specify the date that you last accessed the site, enclosed in parentheses. Focazio, M.
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Hansen, W. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.